The clitambonitide brachiopod Neumania Harper, 1981 (in Bruton & Harper, 1981) was established for a distinctive atelelasmatid genus with prominent imbricate lamellae developed over the entire surface of the shell together with a pronounced dorsal sulcus and narrow plates bordering the delthyrium. The type species, Atelelasma atlanticus Neuman, 1976, occurs in the Upper Arenig Summerford Group, central Newfoundland, Canada. The generic name Neumania was erected in recognition of Dr Robert B. Neuman’s extensive studies on Early Ordovician brachiopods from the Iapetus Ocean. When established, Neumania in addition to central Newfoundland was reported from the Otta Conglomerate (Upper Arenig – Lower Llanvirn) of south central Norway and recognized in the Bod Deiniol Formation (Lower Llanvirn) on the island of Anglesey, north Wales (Neuman & Bates, 1978). These occurrences form part of the Celtic group of brachiopods that were distributed around a number of terranes and continental margins at high latitudes during the Late Arenig and Early Llanvirn (Harper et al. 1996). More recently the genus has been described (Rubel & Popov 1994; Egerquist 2003) and reported from Arenig rocks in the East Baltic (e.g., Egerquist 1999) indicating a pre-Celtic history for Neumania within the Baltic province.
Palaeoneumania, a new name for the genus Neumania Harper, 1981 (Brachiopoda), preoccupied by Neumania Lebert, 1879 (Arthropoda)